BLOOD SPATTER ANALYSIS DISSERTATION

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis BPA is a forensic application of the interpretation of distinct patterns which blood exhibits during a bloodletting incident, providing key evidence with its ability to potentially map the sequence of events. Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2. In this paper we test the strength of two hypotheses namely, the presence of carboxyhemoglobin and the long term influence of ultraviolet light on high-bilirubin blood by the spectral reflectance of the blood stain regions on the Shroud and by color analyses of ultraviolet irradiated high-bilirubin blood stains on linen. Secondary analysis of blood on a heated surface in conjunction with cleaning was implemented, establishing the effectiveness of presumptive testing and the ability to extract valuable DNA. Even if adequate photos are taken, bloodstain pattern analyst can determine causation and what type of object was used in the crime. In this specific case objects are moving in excess of feet per second, which will cause a high velocity impact pattern.

We identified five mechanistic components to ballistic wounding elastic, viscous, crushing, cutting, and thermal , each related to mechanical disciplines respectively, solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, fracture mechanics, rheology, and thermodynamics. The project seeks not to expound exigently. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Compiled by Captain Merril L. Delitos, Internet y Redes Sociales: All the samples collected on to filter paper showed exact match of the genotyping when compared to fresh blood.

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis BPA is a forensic application of the interpretation of distinct patterns which blood exhibits during a bloodletting incident, providing key evidence with its ability anakysis potentially map the sequence of events.

All the samples collected on to filter paper showed exact match of the genotyping when compared to fresh blood.

Repeated cycles of washing were found to produce a stable fabric after 6 cycles, for most fabric types. Delitos, Internet y Redes Sociales: A description of the evidence and its package; the location where evidence was collected; the date and time evidence was collected; case number of evidence; persons responsible for collecting evidence; and where the evidence was delivered and stored.

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Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Research Papers –

Understanding bloodstains and their various impact patterns allows the investigator to determine the following: We identified potential roles for these five components in backspatter formation and provide a scenario whereby a sequence of events incorporating these components could lead to backspatter generation and expulsion.

This research provides a framework for the mathematical representation, and subsequent computational predictive modeling, of backspatter generation and pattern formation.

Scientific Approaches to Bloodstain Analysis. Blood Spatter Properties of Blood www. Since packed cell volume is instrumental in the overall viscosity of blood, which ultimately determines the final bloodstain diameter via the natural fluctuation exhibited throughout the body and by the individual blokd characteristics, it was deemed necessary to investigate its effect on the interpretation of bloodstains.

blood spatter analysis dissertation

disserttation Investigators and technicians must take long-range, medium-range, and close-up photographs of each bloodstain using an indication scale. In this specific case objects are moving in excess of feet per second, which will cause a high velocity impact pattern. Understanding how blood interacts with various surfaces is most important during analysis.

blood spatter analysis dissertation

This paper presents derived equations for the estimation of the variances in the estimated distance of fall and the estimated angle of impact for blood droplets. Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2. A high velocity impact pattern causes a mist of blood showering.

Bloodstain pattern analysis: scratching the surface

These bloodstain patterns are caused analyais gunshots or explosives. At the end of 6 months of storage the genotyping was carried out successfully blokd all the samples.

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The chain of custody is a written record of all evidence transfers from the crime scene to the jurisdiction of the court. Box Kingston, NY Using these new equations and further improving on them to include a variation of impact surfaces, surface properties i.

Investigating the color of the blood stains on archaeological cloths: Recent preliminary literature studies have involved a more quantitative approach, developing directly crime scene applicable equations and methodology, which have established new ways of predicting the angle of impact, impact velocity, point of origin of blood and blood pattern type. This document reveals information pertaining to the types of blood spatter which is a potential to be found at a crime scene which involved the spilling of blood.

Log In Sign Up. Surface manipulation is investigated in the form of a heated surface, where a blood boiling curve reminiscent of the water boiling curve was created establishing four visibly recognizable boiling regimes.

These stains are the result of a blunt force object or sharp objects that force trauma.

Unnamed user with email e-space mmu. This high velocity impact pattern creates a mist of showering blood. Investigating the Color of the Blood on the Shroud of Turin.

blood spatter analysis dissertation

The First Investigative Response. Help Center Find new research papers in: Bortolatto y Fernanda Formolo. Larkin, Bethany Alexandria Jane Bloodstain pattern analysis: Gunshot backspatter comprises biological material expelled backward through bullet entry holes. Minor axis Explains the width of the droplet in Short focal point of the ellipse.