Pages Images and files. Haraway borrows the term “homeworker” from Richard Gordon, who uses it to describe not only the act of electronics assembly done mainly by women overseas but also the “feminizing” of labor in general. This is due in part to the homework economy which renders stable jobs the exception rather than the rule , as well as expectation that women’s wages will not be met with equal male child support. The technologies of visualization recall the important cultural practice of hunting with the camera and the deeply predatory nature of a photographic consciousness. Of course, who controls the interpretation of bodily boundaries in medical hermeneutics is a major feminist issue. To turn text into a link, highlight the text, then click on a page or file from the list above. A major social and political danger is the formation of a strongly bimodal social structure, with the masses of women and men of all ethnic groups, but especially people of colour, confined to a homework economy, illiteracy of several varieties, and general redundancy and impotence, controlled by high-tech repressive apparatuses ranging from entertainment to surveillance and disappearance.

Like the military-funded space man sent to explore new worlds, Haraway argues that the cyborg is “oppositional, utopian and completely without innocence. The causes of various women-headed households are a function of race, class, or sexuality; but their increasing generality is a ground for coalitions of women on many issues. In poststructuralist terminology, this is called the error of “essentialism. The homework economy as a world capitalist organizational structure is made possible by not caused by the new technologies. In particular, Haraway is troubled by the erasure of race, and of agency from MacKinnon’s theorizing of the “essential woman. Radical feminism, which was a theoretical component of “second wave” activism, attempted to analyze the roots of gender oppression its name comes from the Latin “radicalis”, having roots.

Indeed, to some degree, the cyborg serves as the end-point in the West’s story of escalating domination of its environment: We can be responsible for machines; they do not dominate or threaten us. She counsels against identity politics, homdwork “there is nothing about being ‘female’ that naturally binds women. Because it doesn’t depend on human reproduction for its existence, the cyborg is “outside gender”, reasons Haraway.

Another critical aspect of the social relations of the new technologies is the reformulation of expectations, culture, work, and reproduction for the large scientific and technical work-force. harawaj


homework economy haraway

Skip to main content. To cite just one hoemwork, when Haraway considers “home” as part of an integrated circuit she sees the following connections: It is not simply that women in Third World countries are the preferred labour force for the science-based multinationals in the export-processing sectors, particularly in electronics.

Donna Haraway: “The ‘homework economy’ outside ‘the home’” | caring labor: an archive

Finally, she admits that though both creation and destruction are bound to be part of this “spiral dance” of a cyborg future, she would still “rather be a cyborg than a goddess. Still, certain feminist thinkers of the ‘s held great appeal for Haraway.

homework economy haraway

Even though women are not disappearing from the job rolls at the same rates as men, argues Haraway “the feminization of poverty” has also become an urgent focus for women in the new hxraway.

Yet, she argues, ” to be One is to be an illusion, and so to be involved in a dialectic of apocalypse with the other. This working class is notable in two significant ways. As she puts it, “Present efforts – Marxist, psychoanalytic, feminist, anthropological– to clarify even haraeay experience are rudimentary.

Rather, the concept indicates that factory, home, and market are integrated on a new scale and that the places of women are crucial — and need to be analysed for differences among women and for meanings for relations between men and women in various situations.

Insert a link to a new page. Haraway cites three crucial “border crossings” which she argues make the call to “return to nature” an impossibility for feminists. In both the scenario of the Korean sex worker and the electronics assembler, it is literacy, especially in English, Haraway argues that “distinguishes the ‘cheap’ female labour so attractive to the multinationals.

She also concedes that to some degree, the cyborg is to the “final abstraction embodied in a Star Wars apocalypse waged in econoky name of defense, about the final appropriation of women’s bodies in a masculinist orgy of war Sofia, Email required Address never made public. This facilitates the mushrooming of a permanent high-tech military establishment at the cultural and economic expense of most people, but especially of women.


The new economic and technological arrangements are also related to the collapsing welfare state and the ensuing intensification of demands on women to sustain daily life for themselves as well as for men, children, and old people. One of these developments, Haraway points out, jomework that teenage women in industrializing areas of the Third World will simultaneously increasingly find themselves the sole or major source of a cash wage for their families, while being denied access to land ownership.

Self-help is not enough. The struggle to define and control the cyborg amounts hkmework a border war, Haraway argues. Green Revolution technologies interact with other high-tech industrial production to homedork gender divisions of labour and differential gender migration patterns.

We require regeneration, not rebirth, and the possibilities for our reconstitution eonomy the utopian dream of the hope for a monstrous world without gender. The difference is homewotk now “many more women and men will contend with similar situations,” Haraway maintains, ” which will make cross- gender and race alliances on issues of basic life support with or without jobs necessary, not just nice.

But Haraway notes that in feminist science fiction, cyborg monsters “define quite different political possibilities and limits from those proposed by the mundane fiction of Man and Woman. In spite of her warnings about the new economy, Haraway does not see the picture as entirely bleak.

Haraway takes oppositional consciousness to be consistent with a cyborg politics, because rather than identity it stresses how affinity comes as a result of “otherness, difference, and specificity.


In this section, Haraway argues that in addition to producing new sexualities and ethnicities, the ‘New Industrial Revolution’ is producing a new world-wide working class. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.

homework economy haraway

In poststructuralist terminology, this is called the error of “essentialism. To turn text into a link, highlight the text, then click on a page or file from the list above.