The current eruptive phase began on 18th July when large billowing clouds of ash and steam erupted from Soufriere Hills volcano in the south of the island. The volcanic activity continues to the present, the affected areas currently being mostly in the vicinity of Plymouth, including the docking facilities. Scientists arrived from the University of the West Indies to assess the situation. Montserrat is a small island in the Caribbean. This site uses cookies. The following are some of the problems:

Jobs,schools and community activities have been disrupted. Eruption clouds to 36,ft. The capital, Plymouth, has been covered in layers of ash and mud. Between and Montserrat was devastated by pyroclastic flows. The cloud can race straight down the mountainside, or if there is a large vertical explosion, which creates an ash column, come crashing down as the ash column collapses. British citizenship was granted in Volcanic Eruption- Soufriere Hills,

Tar River valley delta.

Volcano Eruption Casestudy Montserrat Soufriere Hills

On July soufrietethe previously dormant Soufriere Hills volcano became active. On the seismic drums at the MVO swarms of small hybrid earthquakes frequently registered. Warning of cataclysmic eruption.

The site is self-funded and your support is really appreciated. I agree to the terms and conditions laid out in the Privacy Policy. The cloud moves at speeds of mph, obliterating and incinerating everything in its path. The maps contained areas of increasing risk including the highest risk area- the exclusion zone. Overall summary Montserrat is located in the Leeward Islands, part of the chain of islands known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies.


The cloud can race straight down the mountainside, or if there is a large vertical explosion, which creates an ash column, come crashing down as the ash column collapses. As the slab of crust descends, sediments, water and the heat of the mantle cause the wedge of mantle above the slab to melt.

The volcano is a souftiere volcano, composed mainly of consolidated ash layers from previous eruptions. A satellite location GPS global positioning system was also used to check ground movements.

Volcanic eruption in an LEDC: Soufriere Hills, Montserrat

Eruptions destroyed Montserrat’s capital city of Plymouth and two thirds of the island’s population was forced to flee. Approximately 55 million etudy metres of dome material shot down the flanks of the volcano into the sea. Your email address will not be published.

soufriere hills montserrat case study a level

Acid rain damaged plants. The airport was buried by Lahars on 11 February Short-term soufriede Large scale evacuation by the British Navy Abandonment of the capital city, Plymouth Compensation and redevelopment money donated by the UK government Unemployment rose due to the collapse of the tourist industry. Soufriere Hills – Volcanic Eruption.

Volcanic Eruption- Soufriere Hills, 1997

The graphic shows the progress of the eruption and its impact on the island. Eruption clouds to 36,ft. Evacuaions plans and Hazard maps were put into place. April South of island evacuated. The Island of Montserrat measures approximately 16km long and 11km wide, with approximately 40 kilometres of coastline. Frequent heavy ashfalls covered the island with blankets of thick ash.


The small population of the island 11, people was evacuated in to the north of Montserrat as well as to neighbouring islands and the UK. Volcanic activity has calmed down in recent years and people have begun to return to the island. Volcanic Eruption Case Study.

You can order a paper back or Kindle version on Amazon. Plans were put in place to reopen the abandoned airport. Long-term responses An exclusion zone was set up in the volcanic region. Pin It on Pinterest. Pyroclastic Flows and eruption columns characterise the Soufriere Hills volcano. There is a volcanic area located in the south of the island on Soufriere Hills called Chances Peak. The rock above the pool collapsed, opening a vent and causing the eruption.

Heavy rain from passing hurricanes brought mudflows down the hillsides into Plymouth.

soufriere hills montserrat case study a level